Permaculture is an emergent agricultural design system based on principles of ethics of the human co-existence with nature. The term derives from the definition of permanent agriculture and it was first coined in the 1970s by the Australian scholars Bill Mollison and David Holmgren. Its definition was soon amplified by the authors in order to incorporate the comprehension of permanent culture as an interdependent process of the design of agricultural systems. Beyond co-existing with nature, human beings are argued to be an integrant part of it, in a system of interdependence which affects both and which can be perceived in patterns of spiral and organic processes of relation. In face of current, not completely new, but definitely undeniable states of emergency of environmental catastrophes, climate change, and the abuse of non-renewable natural resources, investigations about emergent models for the human interaction with nature, such as permaculture, become crucial for ethical reconsiderations of human behaviour in moments of such emergency. Furthermore, not only is the emergent characteristic of permaculture as a possible innovative agri-cultural system worth investigating, but also — and, in this case, more importantly — the unconventional aesthetic paths that emerge from it are incredibly fruitful for reflecting upon such states of emergency. …
About the Author
Andressa Schröder is a PhD researcher at the International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture (GCSC) in Giessen, Germany. Her current research discusses the aesthetic dimension of sustainability and sustainable practices adopted in alternative lifestyles. The project focuses on alternative art festivals, in which combined artistic and ecological approaches are propitiated to instigate and educate people about the options for more sustainable lifestyles. Research interests: environmental and cultural sustainability, everyday aesthetics, embodiment and multisensory aesthetics, cultural and biological diversity, alternative lifestyles and alternative art.